Details

Project TitleBOVINE VIRAL DIARRHEA VIRUS (BVDV) SUBTYPES 1a 1b AND 2a GROWN IN BOVINE MONOLAYER CELL CULTURES AS CYTOPATHIC (CP) STRAINS FOR VACCINE PRODUCTION DIAGNOSTIC TESTING AND SEROLOGY
Track Code2005-13
Short DescriptionNone
AbstractNone
 
Tagsanimal science
 
Posted DateJul 5, 2016 4:31 PM

Researcher

Name
Jeremiah Saliki
Julia Ridpath
Lurinda Burge
Robert Fulton

Manager

Name
Scott Davis

Background

BVDV is the most costly disease in the cattle industry, estimated at around 2 billion per year. Often without visible symptoms, this disease inhibits conception, causes spontaneous abortion and birth defects, and hinders the immune system. BVDVb1 is the predominant source of persistently infected  (PI) cattle, and there is a growing prevalence of BVD2b. Unfortunately, few vaccines exists that adequately protect against BVDV1b, and current practice does not vaccinate for type 2b. 

Summary

Dr. Robert Fulton at Oklahoma State University has isolated cytopathic BVDV subtype 1b and 2b strains that can be used as vaccines. The advantages of cytopathic strains include the inability to result in PI cattle, which is the main mechanism for the spread of BVDV. These particular strains also promote a strong antibody response using modified live viruses. Both OSU strains performed better than BoviShield Gold FP S in vivo, and provided superior overall cross protection. In addition, OSU has many non-cytopathic novel strains of BVD that can be used for the development of new diagnostics and therapeutics.

Potential Applications

  • Therapeutic for BVD
  •  Diagnostic or BVD

Main Advantages

  • Cannot lead to PI cattle
  • Produces strong antibody response
  • Cross-protects against other subtypes
  • Cytopathic strains are easily monitored
  • Insertion mutations in strains allow for easy identification through PCR, hybridization probes and/or genetic sequencing
  • Outperformed BoviShield vaccine, which contains 1a,2a, in vivo

Stage of Development

Strains are isolated and POC as a vaccine has been established

Contact Information

Please contact tdc@okstate.edu for more information.